Matricaria recutita Chamomilla recutita
Common Name: German chamomile, chamomile
- Flower petals used for extracts
- Creams and Ointments
Dosage (Bone and Mills-2013):
- 2 to 4 grams per day of dried flower heads or in an infusion
- 3 to 6 ml/day of 1:2 liquid extract
- 7 to 14ml/day of 1:5 tincture (solvent: 50% ethanol)
- For mouthwash, compress: Infusions or semisolid preparation containing 3% to 10%(w/w) of the petals or equivalent
Generally considered a safe herb. Rare cases of allergic reactions have been reported. There is evidence that the allergic skin reactions exhibited in some individuals involving chamomile is due to a related species, stinking dog fennel, Anthemis cotula.
If there is a known sensitivity to ragweed, daisies and chrysanthemums then topical treatments of chamomile and related products are not advised due to a possible allergic reaction. (2013)
Anti-inflammatory Properties of Chamomile
Apigenin, a glycoside, which is found in plant medications, is present in chamomile. Apigenin might influence macrophage production by influencing cytokine activity. (Smolinski 2003)
Bisabolol, the main component of the essential oil from chamomile has shown anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting 5-lipoxygenase and Cyclo-oxygenase formation. (Ammon 1996)
Experimental studies have shown that when contact dermatitis was induced in subjects, chamomile cream performed better than 1% hydrocortisone cream. It appeared to perform better at soothing the skin.
Treatments/uses for Chamomile:
- Sleeplessness (Sedative)
- Gastrointestinal Conditions (Diarrhea)
- Eczema and other skin conditions
- Wound Healing
Research supporting use of Chamomile
Chamomile has been well researched and studied. In my opinion, the strongest study for use was the experimental study on human skin related to contact dermatitis. There is also strong evidence for use of chamomile in fighting oral inflammation.(Mazokopakis 2005)
Ammon HPT, Sabieraj J, Kaul R. (1996) Dtsch Apoth Ztg. 136(22): 17-30.
Mills, S., & Bone, K. (2013). Principles and practice of phytotherapy: Modern herbal medicine (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Mazokopakis EE, Vrentzos GE, Papadakis JA, et al. (2005) Phytomedicine 12(1-2):25-27.
Smolinski AT, Pestka JJ. (2003) Food Chem Toxicol. 41(10):1381-1390.